Mindfulness-based meditation to decrease stress and anxiety in college students: A narrative synthesis of the research


My yoga practice grew up alongside my return to teaching. This fall, I attended the annual conference of the Association for Contemplative Mind in Higher Education. It’s good to see this go from anecdotal evidence to a review of many studies. My vocation and avocation are close enough to wave at one another.

More importantly, how wonderful to have support for colleges and universities to offer such programs, as has been done in K-12.

Abstract
Objective

The primary purpose of this paper was to narratively review the research testing the effects of mindfulness meditation on stress and anxiety in the college students; reviewing the inclusion of mindfulness was a secondary purpose.

Methods

A literature search resulted in 57 studies on the effectiveness of mindfulness meditation in reducing stress and anxiety in college students.

Conclusions

Researchers examined anxiety in 40 studies, self-reported stress in 34, physiological stress in 11, and mindfulness in 24. Thirty-three of 40 and 25 of 34 studies showed significant decreases in anxiety and stress respectively; 22 of 24 showed an increase in mindfulness. Physiological stress had inconsistent results indicating a need for further research. Overall, mindfulness meditation shows promise in reducing stress and anxiety in college students. Additionally, there are a number of differences in mindfulness interventions including frequency, duration, instructional method, and inclusion of yoga, that need quantitative examination (meta-analysis) to determine which is most effective.

Keywords
Mindfulness; Mindfulness-based stress reduction; Stress; Anxiety; College students

via Mindfulness-based meditation to decrease stress and anxiety in college students: A narrative synthesis of the research.

About Richard Hudak

I am Senior Adjunct Faculty in Sociology at the University of Massachusetts Lowell, and I have been a practitioner of Anusara™ yoga. I have completed 200 hours of teacher training within its diaspora community, consistent with its philosophy and alignment principles.
This entry was posted in Discoveries and tagged , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s